Stellenbosch | The estate is blessed with very particular and suitable soils. The sub-soils are predominantly clay, from an ancient alluvial deposit, while the topsoil and intermingling layers are of progressively weathered granite gravel, originating from majestic granite mountains thrust up by volcanic activity some 160 million years ago. Its proximity to the sea allows its vineyards to benefit from the cooling effect of the prevailing south-east wind during the hot Cape summers, permitting a slow ripening of the grapes for a rich varietal aroma. The area experiences extremely heavy dew deposits and its annual winter rainfall measures approximately 550mm. Further moisture is derived from the mists that occur in this coastal belt during the ripening period. Temperatures are moderate around the year. The vines are hand-nurtured by the people who live and work on the estate.